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. Which one of the following is oldest Veda?
(A) Yajurveda (B) Rig Veda
(C) Samaveda (D) Atharvaveda

2. ‘Trayi’ is a name for
(A) Three Vedas
(B) Dharma, Sangha and Buddha
(C) Three Gods in Hindu Pantheon
(D) Three seasons

3. The term ‘Aryan’ denotes
(A) An ethnic group
(B) A nomadic people
(C) A speech group
(D) A superior race

4. Meaning of the term ‘Arya’ in classical Sanskrit is
(A) Believer of the God
(B) A hereditary cast
(C) A believer in particular religion
(D) A Noble man

5. In which Vedic text the term ‘Varna’ is found referred for the first time?
(A) Rig Veda (B) Atharvaveda
(C) Samaveda (D) Yajurveda

6. The ‘Purush Sukta’ related to Varna System is originally found in
(A) Atharvaveda (B) Samaveda
(C) Rig Veda (D) Manusmriti

7. Which one of the following four Vedas contains an account of magical charms and spells?
(A) Rig Veda (B) Yajurveda
(C) Atharvaveda (D) Samaveda

8. In Rig Veda there are ….. hymns.
(A) 1028 (B) 1017
(C) 1128 (D) 1020

9. The Rig Veda is the
(A) Collection of hymns
(B) Collection of stories
(C) Collection of words
(D) Text of war

10. Which one of the following Brahmana texts belongs to the Rig Veda?
(A) Aitareya Brahmana
(B) Gopatha Brahmana
(C) Shatapatha Brahmana
(D) Taittriya Brahmana

11. ‘Gopatha Brahmana’ is associated with [UPRO/ARO (Pre) 2014]
(A) Yajurveda (B) Samveda
(C) Atharvaveda (D) Rig Veda

12. Which Mandala of Rig Veda is completely dedicated to ‘Soma’?
(A) Seventh Mandala
(B) Eighth Mandala
(C) Ninth Mandala
(D) Tenth Mandala

13. The ninth Mandala of the Rig Veda Samhita is devoted wholly to
(A) Indra and his elephant
(B) Urvashi and the Heaven
(C) Gods related to plants and drugs
(D) ‘Soma’ and the god who is named after the drink

14. Rights and Rituals related to Yajnas are mentioned in
(A) Rig Veda
(B) Samaveda
(C) Brahmin Granthas
(D) Yajurveda

15. The compilation of which among the following is based upon the Rig Veda?
(A) Yajurveda (B) Samaveda
(C) Atharvaveda (D) None of these

16. The earliest evidence of the use of iron in India has been discovered from
(A) Taxila (B) Atranjikhera
(C) Kaushambi (D) Hastinapur

17. Upanishads are books on
(A) Religion (B) Yoga
(C) Law (D) Philosophy

18. The main theme of Upanishads is
(A) Social structure
(B) Philosophy
(C) Law
(D) State

19. Which one of the following Vedic literature talks about salvation?
(A) Rig Veda
(B) Later Samhitas
(C) Brahmins
(D) Upanishads

20. The famous dialogue between Nachiketa and Yama is mentioned in the
(A) Brihadadranyaka Upanishad
(B) Chhandogyopanishad
(C) Kathopanishad
(D) Kenopanishad

21. ‘Nachiketa’ Legend finds mention in
(A) Atharvaveda
(B) Satapatha Brahmin
(C) Kathopanishad
(D) Brihadaranyaka Upanishad

22. King Asvapati of the Upanishadic period was the ruler of
(A) Kashi (B) Kekaya
(C) Panchala (D) Videha

23. Which of the following is the correct order of the Vedic literature?
(A) Vedic Samhitas, Brahmanas, Aranyakas, Upanishads
(B) Vedic Samhitas, Upanishads, Aranyakas, Brahmanas
(C) Vedic Samhitas, Aranyakas, Brahmanas, Upanishads
(D) Vedic Samhitas, Vedangas, Aranyakas, Smritis

24. The river most mentioned in early Vedic literature is
(A) Sindhu (B) Shutudri
(C) Sarasvati (D) Ganga

25. Vedic river Askini is identified with which one of the following rivers?
(A) Beas (B) Ravi
(C) Chenab (D) Jhelum

26. Which of the following rivers mentioned in the Rig Veda indicates the relations of Aryans with Afghanistan?
(A) Askini
(B) Parushni
(C) Kubha, Kramu
(D) Vipasha, Shutudri

27. The Vedic river Kubha was located in
(A) Afghanistan
(B) Chinese Turkistan
(C) Kashmir
(D) Punjab

28. In the period of Mahabharata, the name of Mahanadi was
(A) Kaveri
(B) Tapti
(C) Mahananda
(D) None of the above

29. Which of the following custom emerged during the Tetrad post Vedic period?
(A) Dharma, Artha, Kama, Moksha
(B) Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya, Shudra
(C) Brahmcharya, Grihasthaashramas, Vanaprastha, Sanyasa
(D) Indra, Surya, Rudra, Maruta

30. Who among the following Vedic deities was believed to be their priest?
(A) Agni (B) Brihaspati
(C) Dyaus (D) Indra

31. Who among the following was a Brahmavadini who composed some hymns of the Vedas?
(A) Lopamudra (B) Gargi
(C) Leelavati (D) Savitri

32. During the Rigvedic Period word ‘Nishka’ was used for a Jewellery but in later period it was used for the meaning of
(A) Arms
(B) Farming equipment
(C) Script
(D) Coin

33. During the Rig Vedic period Nishka was an ornament of
(A) Ear (B) Neck
(C) Arm (D) Wrist

34. ‘Nishka’ in ancient India was known as
(A) Gold ornament
(B) Cows
(C) Copper Coins
(D) Silver Coins

35. Boghaz-Koi is important because
(A) It was an important trading centre between Central Asia and Tibet
(B) Inscriptions were found which mentioned the names of Vedic Gods and Goddesses
(C) Original Texts of the Vedas were composed here
(D) None of the above

36. Which of the following inscriptions tells about the Aryan’s movement of Aryan from Iran to India?
(A) Man Sehra (B) Shahbazgarhi
(C) Boghaz-Koi (D) Junagarh

37. An inscription of 14th century B.C. which describes the Vedic-Gods has been found in
(A) Ecbatana (B) Boghaz-Koi
(C) Babylon (D) Bisotun

38. Who among the following wrote on the original homeland of the Aryans?
(A) Sankaracharya
(B) Annie Besant
(C) Vivekanand
(D) Bal Gangadhar Tilak

39. The name of scripture in which ‘Purusha Medha’ was mentioned is
(A) Krishna Yajurveda
(B) Shukla Yajurveda
(C) Shatpath Brahmana
(D) Panchvish Brahmana

40. The priest associated with King Videgha Madhava referred in Shatapatha Brahmana was
(A) Rishi Bhardwaj
(B) Rishi Vashishta
(C) Rishi Vishwamitra
(D) Rishi Gautama Rahugana

41. In the post-Vedic period which was considered as the axis of Aryan Culture?
(A) Anga, Magadha
(B) Kosal, Videha
(C) Kuru, Panchala
(D) Matsya, Shurasena

42. The word Gotra occurs for the first time in
(A) Atharvaveda (B) Rig Veda
(C) Samaveda (D) Yajurveda

43. The religion of early Vedic Aryans was primarily of
(A) Bhakti
(B) Image worship and yajnas
(C) Worship of nature and yajnas
(D) Worship of nature and bhakti

44. In the Rigvedic period, people believed mainly in
(A) Idol worship
(B) One God belief
(C) Goddess worship
(D) Sacrifice and rituals

45. Famous Battle of ‘Ten Kings’ was fought on the bank of the river
(A) The Ganges (B) Brahmaputra
(C) Kaveri (D) Parushni

46. The famous battle of ‘Ten Kings’ as described in the Rig Veda was fought on the bank of
(A) Parushni (B) Saraswati
(C) Vipasa (D) Asikni

47. Which of the following river among the following referred as ‘Matetama’, ‘Devitama’ and ‘Naditama’ in the Rig Veda?
(A) Sindhu (B) Saraswati
(C) Vitasta (D) Yamuna

48. Give the name of the tribe which is not related to the ‘Panchjana’ of the Rig Veda Aryans?
(A) Yadu (B) Puru
(C) Turvasa (D) Kikat

49. In the ancient period chieflivelihood of the Aryans was
(A) Agriculture (B) Hunting
(C) Artcraft (D) Business

50. The word ‘Yava’ mentioned in Rig Veda is used for which agricultural product?
(A) Barley
(B) Gram
(C) Rice
(D) Wheat

51. The System of Governance prevalent in the Vedic era was
(A) Autocratic
(B) Democratic
(C) Republic
(D) Descended monarchy

52. Assembly of Vedic-era
(A) Was an institution of mercantile people of the villages
(B) Was a royal court
(C) Was council of ministers
(D) National Assembly of all the people of the state

53. The Rigvedic tribal assembly associated with judicial function was
(A) Sabha (B) Samiti
(C) Vidhata (D) All of these

54. In which of the Vedas, Sabha and Samiti are called as two daughters of Prajapati?
(A) Rig Veda (B) Samveda
(C) Yajurveda (D) Atharvaveda

55. ‘Ayurveda’ that is ‘Science of Life’ appeared first in
(A) Aranyaka (B) Samveda
(C) Yajurveda (D) Atharvaveda

56. Rig-vedic religion was
(A) Polytheistic (B) Monotheistic
(C) Monistic (D) Libertarian

57. The largest number of Rigvedic hymns are devoted to
(A) Agni (B) Indra
(C) Rudra (D) Vishnu

58. The largest number of the Mantras in Rig Veda belongs to
(A) Agni (B) Varuna
(C) Vishnu (D) Yama

59. Who among the following is regarded as War-God in the Rig Veda?
(A) Agni (B) Indra
(C) Surya (D) Varuna

60. Who of the following Gods was considered as War-God in the Vedic Pantheon?
(A) Varuna (B) Indra
(C) Agni (D) Mitra

61. Who among the following was the most popular God of the early Vedic Aryans?
(A) Varuna (B) Vishnu
(C) Rudra (D) Indra

62. 800 B.C. to 600 B.C. is related to which era?
(A) Brahmin (B) Sutra
(C) Ramayana (D) Mahabharata

63. Gayatri Mantra is found in which book?
(A) Upanishad (B) Bhagwatgita
(C) Rig Veda (D) Yajurveda

64. The ‘Mantra’ famous with the name of ‘Gayatri Mantra’ found in which of the following scriptures?
(A) Bhagwatgita (B) Atharvaveda
(C) Rig Veda (D) Manusmriti

65. Who composed the Gayatri Mantra?
(A) Vasishtha (B) Vishwamitra
(C) Indra (D) Parikshit

66. Sarga, Pratisarga, Vansa, Manvantara and Vanshanucharita are the indicators of
(A) Vedas (B) Puranas
(C) Upanishads (D) Sutras

67. The number of Puranas is
(A) 16 (B) 18
(C) 19 (D) 21

68. In which language was the ‘Shrimad Bhagavad Gita’ originally written?
(A) Sanskrit (B) Urdu
(C) Pali (D) Hindi

69. Originally, the Mahabharata was known as
(A) Brihatkatha
(B) Brahmins
(C) Brihatsamhita
(D) Jayasamhita

70. In Mahabharat by what name were the Kuninda-kings known?
(A) Sarvasrestha (B) Madhyam
(C) Dwij Srestha (D) Dwij

71. According to Hindu mythology, which serpent offered himself as a rope for churning the ocean?
(A) Kalia (B) Vasuki
(C) Pushkar (D) Sheshnag

72. In which phase, the concept of untouchability was put clearly?
(A) Rigvedic phase
(B) Later Vedic phase
(C) Later Gupta phase
(D) Dharmashastra phase

73. From which Upanishad, the words ‘Satyameva Jayate’ have been taken?
(A) Mandukopanishad
(B) Kathopnishad
(C) Chhandogyopanishad
(D) None of the above

74. From where the word ‘Satyameva Jayate’ taken?
(A) Manusmriti
(B) Bhagavad Gita
(C) Rig Veda
(D) Mundakopanishad

75. ‘Satyamev Jayate’ which is engraved on the Indian Emblem has been taken from
(A) Rig Veda
(B) Bhagavad Gita
(C) Mundakopanishad
(D) Matsya Purana

76. The Statement ‘Tamsoma Jyotirgamaya’ was originally mentioned in
(A) Upanishadas
(B) Mahakavyas
(C) Puranas
(D) Shaddarshanas

77. The legend of Satyakam Jabal, which challenges the stigma of being an unmarried mother, is mentioned in
(A) Jabal Upanishad
(B) Prashnopanishad
(C) Chhandogya Upanishad
(D) Kathopanishad

78. The literal meaning of which Upanishada is white horse?
(A) Kathopanishad
(B) Chhandogya Upanishad
(C) Taittriya Upanishad
(D) Shavetashvatara

79. Fundamental or basic script of the ‘Rig Veda’ was
(A) Devnagri
(B) Kharoshthi
(C) Pali
(D) Brahmi

80. In the Vedic rituals HOTA is associated with the
(A) Rig Veda
(B) Yajurvaveda
(C) Samaveda
(D) Atharvaveda

81. There is a similarity in Avesta and the Rig Veda, from which region the Avesta is related to
(A) India (B) Iran
(C) Israel (D) Egypt

82. Which of the following animals was considered as ‘Aghanya’ during the Vedic period?
(A) Bull (B) Sheep
(C) Cow (D) Elephant

83. Aghanya in Rig Veda is mentioned for
(A) Goat (B) Cow
(C) Elephant (D) Horse

84. The name ‘Aghanya’ mentioned in many passages of the Rig Veda refers to [UPPCS (Pre) 2017]
(A) Priest (B) Women
(C) Cow (D) Brahmanas

85. In the early Rigvedic period, what was considered to be the most valuable property?
(A) Land (B) Cow
(C) Women (D) Water

86. In context on Indian culture ‘Rit’ means
(A) Natural law (B) Artificial law
(C) Human law (D) Social law

87. In the context of ancient Indian society which one of the following terms does not belong to the category of the other three?
(A) Kula (B) Vansha
(C) Kosa (D) Gotra

88. What is the total number of Sanskaras?
(A) 10 (B) 12
(C) 15 (D) 16

89. The teacher who taught ‘VedVedanga’ for livelihood, was called
(A) Acharya (B) Adhvaryu
(C) Upadhyaya (D) Purohita